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New government support measures for organizations and citizens during a pandemic

Картинка

On May 11, 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin held a meeting on the sanitary-epidemiological situation, at which new measures to support citizens and the economy of the country were announced.

 

 The ROGWU recommends that all members of the Trade Union carefully study the proposed measures, the full list of which as of May 13, 2020 is given below, and urges the chairmen of structural organizations to use them to the maximum extent possible in their work, to report to each member of the Trade Union and, if necessary, advise on possible ways of using them.

In terms of supporting the population in the context of the spread of coronavirus infection, the Government of the Russian Federation proposes the following support measures.

 

 Payments for children:

 Up to 3 years

Payment is due to families with children under 3 years of age who have received the right to maternity fund benefits before July 1, 2020, including if the funds under the certificate have been fully spent.

 The Pension Fund accepts applications before October 1 of the current year and will provide payments for all months from April to June, if the family is eligible.

Payments are made for each child up to 3 years old.  The payment does not depend on family income, current occupation or salary, neither the dependency on any pensions, welfare payments, social benefits and other means of social support.

 Document: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 11, 2020 “On Amending the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of April 7, 2020 No. 249“ On Additional Measures of Social Support for Families with Children ”.

 

From 3 to 7 years

 Families whose average per capita income does not exceed the subsistence level per capita established in the given federal subject of the Russian Federation will begin to receive payments for children aged 3 to 7 years old inclusive from June 2020, and not in July, as previously planned.

Allowances for children will be calculated from January 1, 2020.  Payment will be set immediately for a year.  The allowance per child is 50% of the regional subsistence level.

Document: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated March 20, 2020 No. 199 “On Additional Measures of State Support for Families with Children”.

Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 31, 2020 No. 384.

 

From 3 to 16 years

From June 1, 2020, citizens of the Russian Federation residing on its territory can receive a lump sum payment of 10 thousand rubles for each child aged 3 to 16 years that is a citizen of the Russian Federation.

Document: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 11, 2020 “On Amending the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of April 7, 2020 No. 249“ On Additional Measures of Social Support for Families with Children ”.

 

Extension of child benefits

From April 1 to October 1, 2020, citizens do not need to submit applications and documents to extend the monthly payments in connection with the birth (adoption) of the first or second child.

If the child reaches the age of 1 year or 2 years in the specified period, monthly payments will be automatically extended.

Monthly payments are provided if the average per capita income of the family does not exceed twice the subsistence minimum of the able-bodied population established in the region for March-May 2019.

Document: Federal Law of April 1, 2020 No. 104- FL “On the Peculiarities of Calculating Temporary Disability Benefits and Making Monthly Payments in Connection with the Birth (Adoption) of the First or Second Child”.

 

Disposal of maternal capital online

The opportunity to receive the service for managing maternal capital funds in electronic form through the public services portal, reducing the time for considering applications from 30 to 10 working days; terms for transferring funds - from 10 to 5 business days. Parents received the right to send the funds of the capital to the construction or reconstruction of a residential building on the garden land.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 31, 2020 No. 383.

 

Employment Promotion:

Lost jobs after March 1, 2020

 

Citizens laid off after March 1, 2020 and recognized as unemployed, unemployment benefits, regardless of length of service and level of earnings at their previous place of work, are set at a maximum amount of 12,130 rubles for April-June.

If one or both parents lost their jobs after March 1 and are recognized as unemployed, then one of the parents is paid an allowance in an increased amount - an additional 3,000 rubles. for each child under the age of 18 years.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 12, 2020 No. 485.

 

Unemployment benefits’  Increase

The maximum unemployment benefit has been increased to the cost of living - 12,130 rubles.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 27, 2020 No. 346.

 

Remote registration at the labor exchange

Citizens can apply for registration as unemployed and apply for unemployment benefits online

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 8, 2020 No. 460.

 

Disability:

A special procedure for calculating sick leave has been established. Their size may not be lower than the minimum wage per full calendar month.

 

The temporary disability benefit is calculated based on the minimum wage of 12,130 rubles. per month, if in the usual calculation its size is less than the minimum wage.

Document: Federal Law of April 1, 2020 No. 104- FL “On the Peculiarities of Calculating Temporary Disability Benefits and Making Monthly Payments in Connection with the Birth (Adoption) of the First or Second Child”.

 

Remote Disability Expertise

A temporary procedure has been adopted for recognizing a person as disabled, which allows for the examination of citizens without their personal participation.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 9, 2020 No. 467.

 

Disability extension

The extension of disability until October 1, 2020 will be carried out automatically, without the personal presence of a citizen.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 9, 2020 No. 467.

 

Other support measures:

Selling drugs online

Remote retail sale of drugs for medical use is allowed (with the exception of prescription drugs, narcotic and psychotropic drugs, as well as alcohol-containing drugs with a volume fraction of ethyl alcohol of more than 25%). In an emergency and (or) when there is a threat of the spread of a disease that poses a danger to others, the Government of the Russian Federation may also allow remote retail sale of prescription drugs.

 

Document: Federal Law of April 3, 2020 No. 105- FL “On Amending Article 15.1 of the Federal Law“ On Information, Information Technologies and the Protection of Information ”and the Federal Law“ On Circulation of Medicines ”.

 

Refund on paid holiday packages

Citizens planning a trip from the beginning of restrictive measures until June 1, 2020 will be able to return money for an imperfect trip.

In case of cancellation of the trip in connection with the declaration of a threat to life and health, the tourist has the right to postpone the date of travel to a later date or to return the full cost of the tour before the trip.

Document: Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 4, 2020 No. 898.

 

Improving the availability of social support

 

When assessing the financial situation of a citizen or family who applied for social support, income from labor activity will not be taken into account if, at the time of the appeal, the person was recognized as unemployed.

The new procedure simplifies access for those in need to such support measures as monthly payments in connection with the birth (adoption) of the first and second child, subsidies for housing and communal services, free social services, monthly payments for children aged 3 to 7 years.

Document: Federal Law of April 24, 2020 No. 125- FL “On Amending Article 4 of the Federal Law“ On the Procedure for Accounting for Incomes and Calculation of the Per capita Income of a Family and the Income of a Lonely Living Citizen to Recognize Them Poor and Provide them with State Social Assistance ”and Section 4 of the Federal Law On Monthly Payments to Families with Children.

 

Credit holidays for citizens

Citizens who have a mortgage or consumer loan can take credit vacations for up to six months in the event of a decrease in income by 30% or more.

Document: Federal Law of April 3, 2020 No. 106- FL “On Amendments to the Federal Law“ On the Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia) ”and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation regarding the peculiarities of changing the terms of a loan agreement, loan agreement”.

 

Extension of validity of passports and rights

Passports and driver’s licenses, which expired or expires from February 1 to July 15, are recognized as valid on the territory of the Russian Federation. For citizens who have reached the age of 14 from February 1 to July 15 and who have not received a passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation, a birth certificate or passport is recognized as the main identification document.

Document: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of April 18, 2020, No. 275.

 

For business in the context of the spread of coronavirus infection, the Government of the Russian Federation offers the following support measures.

Subsidies to entrepreneurs

The government in May and June will pay small and medium-sized businesses free financial assistance at the rate of 12,130 rubles. per employee. This money can be spent on any expenses of the NSR, including salaries.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 24, 2020 No. 576.

 

Interest-free payday loans

Banks with the support of the Central Bank will provide loans to enterprises from affected sectors for the payment of salaries to employees. The loan guarantee is provided by the guarantee of VEB (up to 75%). The first six months, the interest rate on loans is 0%, the next six months the rate is determined as the Bank of Russia key rate, reduced by 2 percentage points (currently 3.5%).

The maximum amount of borrowed funds will be calculated by the formula: the number of employees (based on employment contracts) x minimum wage x for 6 months.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 2, 2020 No. 422.

 

Lease delay

The deferral of payment of rental payments applies to state, municipal and private property (with the exception of residential premises).

The Government recommends that owners of commercial real estate provide for a reduction in rents for companies. For this, the lessor and the lessee must enter into an additional agreement.

It is forbidden for the property owner to introduce additional payments in connection with the grant of a deferment and to apply fines or other measures of responsibility for the non-observance of the payment procedure and terms.

It is also recommended that lessors reduce the amount of rent by agreement with the tenant. If utility payments are included in the contract, they are paid, unless the lessor is exempted from paying for such services under the high-availability regime.

Lease arrears are paid during the years 2021–2022, monthly in equal amounts. If the lessor refuses to comply with these requirements, the lessee has the right to apply to the court.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 3, 2020 No. 440, order of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 10, 2020 No. 968.

 

Tax reporting deadline

For all taxpayers, the deadlines for reporting to the Federal Tax Service are extended for up to 3 months.

Document: Federal Law of April 1, 2020 No. 102- FL “On Amendments to Parts One and Two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”.

 

Bus transportation of children

The deadline for the entry into force of clause 3 of the Rules for the Organized Transportation of Children by Buses, approved by Government Decree No. 1177 of December 17, 2013, which stipulates the obligation to use buses for organized transportation of groups of children no more than 10 years ago, has been postponed.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 28, 2020 No. 597.

 

Credit vacation

Small and medium-sized businesses from the affected sectors of the economy are entitled, upon request, to receive a six-month deferral of payments under any loan agreements concluded before April 3. Existing loan capital debt can be restructured. When a borrower is granted a deferred payment right, the interest rate under the loan agreement should not increase; getting a credit vacation does not worsen the credit history. Entrepreneurs can also expect a reduction in the amount of deferred debt due to federal subsidies for banks if the credit institution participates in the program of the Ministry of Economic Development.

 

During the credit holidays it is not allowed:

 

accrual of forfeit (fine, penalty interest);

submission of requirements for early fulfillment of obligations;

foreclosure on the subject of pledge or the subject of a mortgage;

appeal to the guarantor;

the bank does not have the right to ask for early closure of the loan if the entrepreneur fulfills all obligations to pay the main debt in accordance with the new schedule.

If the bank participates in the program of the Ministry of Economic Development and receives subsidies to provide a deferment in payment of payments to SMEs, the entrepreneur can expect a decrease in loan payments after the end of the grace period. In this case, the entrepreneur does not pay 67% of the amount of interest for 6 months, and also receives a deferment in payment of payments on the principal debt. The borrower can repay the remaining 33% of the amount of interest in accordance with the usual schedule or include them in the main debt with payment at the end of the deferral period.

An individual entrepreneur can also restructure a consumer loan and request for a grace period either a complete suspension of payments or a reduction in their size to a feasible level.

Document: Federal Law of April 3, 2020 No. 106-FL “On Amendments to the Federal Law“On the Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia) ”and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation regarding the peculiarities of changing the terms of a loan agreement, loan agreement”.

 

Working capital loans

Working capital loans and job security for backbone companies. The loan rate will be subsidized by the Central Bank rate; 50% of the loan will be secured by state guarantees.

Document: List of instructions following a meeting with members of the Government held on April 15, 2020 (approved by the President of the Russian Federation on April 21, 2020).

 

Check moratorium

Carrying out all on-site inspections, including tax and customs (including on-site inspections begun earlier, on-site tax audits, on-line cash desk checks, monitoring compliance with the requirements of the currency legislation) is suspended. The exception is only unscheduled inspections, the basis of which is harm to life, health of citizens, emergencies of a natural and man-made nature.

Document: Federal Law of April 1, 2020 No. 102-FL “On Amendments to Parts One and Two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”.

 

Tax holidays (backbone)

The largest taxpayers, strategic, system-forming, city-forming organizations, as well as those selling socially significant goods or services, may receive a deferral or installment plan for tax payments with a due date of 2020, except for mineral extraction tax, excise taxes and tax on additional income from hydrocarbon production , for special conditions.

Document: Federal Law of April 1, 2020 No. 102-FL “On Amendments to Parts One and Two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”.

 

New deadlines for claiming FTS documents

The deadline for the submission of clarifications, documents (information) begins to be calculated from the first working day following non-working days, and will be:

for the requirements of paragraph 3 of Art. 88 - 25 business days (15 business days when the KNI returns the VAT);

for the requirements of paragraph 1 of Art. 93, paragraphs 1 and 2 of Art. 93.1 of the Tax Code - 30 business days.

Document: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 2, 2020 No. 409.

 

Accounting for non-working days for tax purposes

The calculation of dates (in working days or when the last day of the period falls on a non-working day) in order to apply the legislation on taxes and fees is made not only taking into account the days recognized as a weekend or public holiday, but also the days recognized by the President’s act as non-working days.

Document: Federal Law of April 1, 2020 No. 102-FL “On Amendments to Parts One and Two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”.


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